Articles

Booklet 21: CLARETIAN MISSIONARIES ESSENTIAL CHRONOLOGY: 1807-2000

Booklets on Formation 21

General Prefecture of Formation,

Vic - Rome, 2000

 

CLARETIAN MISSIONARIES

ESSENTIAL CHRONOLOGY: 1807-2000

 

Charles I. Amadi, cmf

 

 

ABBREVIATIONS

 

CMF          (Cordis Mariae Filius): Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Claretian Missionaries

CPR          The Claretian in the Process of Congregational Renewal

CVD         C1aretiaian Vocation Directory

IPM          In Prophetic Mission

MCT         The Mission of the Claretian Today

GPF          General Plan of Formation

SW           Servants of the Word

INTRODUCTION

 

This research work is not to write the elaborate history of the Congregation but to offer to readers the congregational events very relevant to the life of the Founder, Saint Anthony Mary Claret and the Congregation in its history in the course of 150 years of her existence in the Universal Church and the world. It presents a simple chronology without judgement and principally based on the major accessible sources of the Congregation. As you will notice in this work, the essential events of the Institute which form important part and parcel of the life and history of the Congregation are found here. Principally, the work gives us a synthetic form of the life and work of our Father Founder, the origins of the various branches of the Claretian Family coupled with some significant events in them and finally the significant happenings in our Congregation of Missionaries Sons of the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

I will like to highlight some of the important events of the Congregation found in this work: the process for the approval of the Constitutions, the Directory and its development, the different General Chapters and Assemblies, Foundations (lst in each country), creation and constitution of Major Organisms (Delegations, Provinces) and their juridical changes, the various missions we have world over, Formation Centres and higher Centres of Ecclesiastical Studies. There are also the different Editorials and principal Publications (Books, popular and scientific Reviews, etc.) of the Congregation. Among other things are some centres for worship, Pontifical nominations, beatifications and canonisations, Claretian Martyrs and other Claretian events in the Church. The following are considered seriously: statistics, Congregational expansions, important celebrations and inaugurations; Encounters (General Government, Formation, Apostolate, Economy, Renewal,

Conferential/Continental, Secretaries, etc). Others are some of the important circular letters of Fathers’ Generals, creation of General Secretariats; monuments, museums and other similar things dedicated to Father Founder or Claretian Martyrs and also to the entire Congregation.

This work contains also valuable writings of Father Founder and other Claretian publications in various languages.

It is important to know that this work gives a rapid and panoramic vision of the life and mission of the Congregation. It is not thematic but a chronological work; it starts from the birth of Father Founder to the last day of the year 2000. It gives more insight to the different fundamental and essential dates of the Congregation.

We hope that the work will be useful to all Claretian Missionaries especially all in formation (formators and formandi), for different Claretian Encounters, personal life and as a source of consultation.

At the same time, it is meant to encourage among Claretians the research on the life and mission of Father Founder and the Congregation.

We have a long and rich history which has to be learnt, assimilated and dynamised so that we make good history ourselves. Karl Jaspers says that no reality is more essential to our self-awareness than history.

Let us remember always the famous phrase of John Paul II: «You have not only a glorious history to remember and to recount, but also a great history still to be accomplished» (Vita Consecrata 110).


CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF THECONGREGATION

OF THE SONS OF THE IMMACULATE HEART

OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY,

CLARETIAN MISSIONARIES

23-XII-1807 Anthony Claret is born in Sallent (Barcelona - Spain).

1812-1813 The experience of eternity, on thinking of the destiny of sinners.

13-VI-1835 Claret is ordained priest in Solsona.

1835-1839 Parish Priest in his native town, Sallent.

13-XI-1839-1840 He is Jesuit Novice in Rome.

1840 He becomes Parish priest in Viladrau.

1840-1847 Claret is a tireless missionary in the whole of Catalonia.

3-11-1847 Father Claret founds the Religious Editorial Bookshop.

1-VIII-1847 Claret founds in Vic the Arch Confraternity of the Heart of Mary with 10,000 associate members.

1848-1849 Claret is an Apostle of the Canary Islands.

16-VII- 1849 Foundation of the Congregation by Saint Anthony Mary Claret at 3.00 p. m. in the Seminary of Vic.

3-VIII-1849 By the royal decree of this date, Father Claret is nominated Archbishop of Santiago of Cuba.

15-IX-1849 The first Brother, Miguel Puig Cadena enters the Congregation.

9-X-1849 The CMF community is transferred from the Seminary to the convent of Merced (Mother House) in Vic. Here will be the General Curia till 1868.

6-X-1850 Father Founder is consecrated Archbishop in the Cathedral of Vic.

9-X-1850 Begins the first formal Novitiate in Vic.

22-X-1850 Father Claret receives the Cross of Isabella Catholic.

1-XII- 1850 Father Founder nominates the First Government of the Congregation, presided over by Father Esteban Sala who has as consultors Fathers Bernardo Sala and Domingo Fabregas.

28-XII-1850 Father Claret embarks in Barcelona for his journey to Cuba.

1850 Father Claret published the work Religious in their houses or the Daughters of the Most Blessed and Immaculate Heart of Mary. This book will give rise to the future Secular Institute “Cordimarian Affiliation”.

16-II-1851 Father Claret arrives in Cuba, forming a missionary community and begins his apostolate in the Island.

 

27-IX-1852 Father Manuel Vilaro, Co-Founder of the Congregation passes away in Vic.

1854 Claret sets up credit unions of popular and parish Savings in all the parishes of his diocese.

11-I-1855 Claret begins the great work of House of Benefit or of Charity in Puerto Principe (today called Camaguey).

25-VIII-1855 Archbishop Anthony Mary Claret founds in Santiago of Cuba together with Mother Maria Antonia Paris the Apostolic Institute of Mary Immaculate (now called Religious of Mary Immaculate Claretian Missionary Sisters).

1-II-1856 There was the attempt to assassinate Father Founder in Holguin (Cuba). He was badly injured.

18-III-1857 Queen Isabella II of Spain calls Archbishop Claret in Madrid to name him as her Confessor.

26-V-1857 Father Claret arrives in Madrid.

5-VI-1857 Father Claret receives the official appointment as Confessor of Queen Isabella II of Spain.

29-VI-1857 Father Founder promulgates the first Constitutions of the Congregation.

8-IX-1857 Members of the Congregation accept the Constitutions and manifest to uve it. The Claretians are Father Founder, 13 Priests and 3 Brothers.

1857 There is the publication in Barcelona of the first text of the Constitutions in Spanish: Constituciones para los Misioneros de la Congregaci6n del Inmaculado Coraz6n de Maria, Ordenadas por el Excmo. e Ilmo. Sr. D. Antonio Maria Claret, Arzobispo de Cuba y fundador de la misma y aceptadas por sus individuos con ci beneplàcito del Ilamo. Sr. D. Luciano Casadeval4 Obispo de Vich, el año 1849. Nuevamente adicionadas por dicho Sr. Arzobispo y firmadas por los interesados, en el año 1857. A volume of 80 pp.

18-IV-1858 Father Esteban Sala, Co-Founder and successor of Father Founder in the government of the Congregation dies in Barcelona. At the time he died, there was only one House with 12 priests and 3 Brothers.

1-V-1858 The Congregation meets to elect Father José Xifré as Director General and Father Jaime Clotet as Subdirector General.

28-XI-1858 Father Claret receives the Cross of Charles III.

8-XII-1858 The Academy of Saint Michael created by Father Claret starts to function in Madrid.

1858 Father José Xifré publishes in Vie the first Directory of the Congregation: Directorio spiritual para los Misioneros de la Congregaci6n del Immaculado Coraz6n de Maria. A volume of 62 pp.

5-III-1859 Queen Isabella II nominates Anthony M. Claret as the Protector of the Monserrat Hospital and Church in Madrid.

28-V-1859 There was in Vie the First General Council of the Congregation presided over by Father Founder, to make some modifications in the Constitutions. This Council Meeting is considered as the First General Chapter.

9-VII-1859 Approval of the Statutes of the Congregation by the government of Her Majesty Queen Isabella TI.

5-VIII-1859 Claret is nominated as President of Escorial monastery.

 

4-5-XI-1859 The 2nd house of the Institute was founded in Gracia, Barcelona.

1859 The Missionaries CMF begin to make the Promise of Permanence in the Congregation.

14-III-1860 The Missionaries settle down definitively in Gracia

13-VII-1860 Pope Pius IX commends publicly Father Claret Archbishop of Trajanopolis “in partibus infidelium”.

9-X-1860 Decree of the foundation of the Congregation by the Civil Authority.

19-X-1860 The “Decretum Laudis” is given which will be published on 21-XI-1860. This signifies that the Holy See proclaims a decree of praise to the Congregation i. e. the first step to ask for the definitive approval of the Constitutions.

1860 Claret publishes the first volume of his work titled El colegial instruido (seminarian in the college).

VII-1861 Queen Isabella II writes to Pius IX and proposes to him to make Claret a Cardinal.

29-VII-1861 Pius IX writes to Queen Isabella II saying to her that it is not opportune to make Claret a Cardinal.

20-VIII-1861 Father Founder writes to Father Xifré and told him among other things: «Tell my dearest brothers, the missionaries to have courage and work as much as they can, that God and the Blessed Virgin will reward them».

26-VIII- 1861 Claret receives the grace of conserving the sacramental species from one communion to another.

X-1861 Father Founder begins to write his Autobiography.

5-XI-1861 Father Founder makes his Will in favour of the Congregation through Father José Xifré.

22-XI-1861 Segovia is the 3rd house founded “in the interior of the kingdom”.

1861 Claret publishes the second volume of his work titled Ei Colegial instruido.

20-V-1862 Father Founder finishes the writing of the Autobiography and on the 1st of July he hands it over personally to Father Xifré (The continuation will be written afterwards).

22-V-1862 The Congregation obtains through a rescript the privilege to celebrate the feast of the Heart of Mary with Office and Mass approved by the Apostolic See and with the double rite of first class and octave, to be the titular of the Institute.

 

7-14-VII-1862 Father Founder presided over the Second General Chapter in Gracia. Theme - Constitutions.

21-VII-1862 Pope Pius IX authorizes the liturgical celebration of the Heart of Mary for Spain and her territories.

15-I-1863 Father Founder makes a request from Pius IX asking him for the approval of the Constitutions of the Congregation.

29-III-1863 The Constitutions of the Congregation in Latin is sent to Rome, accompanied with the recommendation letters of many Prelates.

 

3-6-VII-1864 Third General Chapter held, Father Founder presided over it and the theme is Study of the Constitutions to respond to the pontifical directories.

3-IX-1864 A foundation is realised in Huesca. (4th house).

1864 Claret publishes his work titled La colegiala instruida (girls secondary school).

1864 Statistics: 33 priests, 4 students and 22 brothers.

4-XI-1865 Father Founder, after having given retreat to the communities of Vie and Gracia, went to Rome with Father Xifré to meet with the Pope about the recognition of the Kingdom of Italy by Isabella II and quicken the approval of the Constitutions

l-XII-1865 Claret and Xifré return to Barcelona.

22-XII-1865 His Holiness Pius IX approves the Constitutions to be experimented for 10 years.

1-IV-1866 Begins “the observance” of the Constitutions. It is during the Easter period.

31-XII-1866 Father Claret receives from King Louis I of Portugal the Cross of Vilavicosa.

1866 Statistics: 25 priests of whom some are priests novices, 11 students and 20 brothers.

1866 This is the publication in Vic of the Constitutions in Latin: Constitutiones pro Missionariis Congregationis Immaculati Cordis B. V M. a SS. D. N. Pio Papa IX sub die 22 decembris anni 1865 approbatae et confirinatae. A volume of 129 pp.

18-I-1867 There is the military service exemption for our seminarians by the Spanish Government.

V-1867 The mission house of Jaca (Huesca - Spain) is founded.

1867 The work of Father Xifré is published in Vie: The spirit of the Missionary Sons of the Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, or to be the Directory and manual of the same, divided in three parts, containing in the first the means of one’s sanctification; in the second, the speculative practical rules to give missions and retreats; in the third part, the materials required for this... A volume of 127 pp.

1867 Statistics: 21 priests, 15 students and 23 brothers.

1-VIII-1868 Foundation of the House in Selva del Campo.

30-IX-1868 Dies in La Selva del Campo the proto-martyr, Father Francis Crusats. His martyrdom was prophesied by Father Founder as sign of expansion of the Institute.

18-X-1868 The revolutionary government suppresses officially the Congregation.

23-XI-1868 Father Xifré is persecuted, he takes refuge in Perpignan where there is a small community with members expelled from Spain.

2-11-1869 The community of Perpignan is transferred to Prades which will be General Curia till 1872.

22-III-1869 There is the official inauguration of the mission house of Prades.

16-VII-1869 Father Claret writes Father Xifré calling America “young vine”. He, making allusion to the Congregation, exclaims: “Courage! God and the Blessed Virgin Mary will not leave their Work!”.

23-IX-1869 Mission house is founded in Barbastro.

23-X-1869 Foundation of the mission house in Algeria (North Africa).

8-XII-1869 Father Founder participates as one of the Fathers of Vatican I which has its theme as Papal Infallibility. He is the unique saint canonized of the Council.

22-1-1870 The mission house of Santiago of Chile is founded.

11-II-1870 Definitive Approval of the Constitutions and of the Congregation by Pius IX. The Decree will be signed on the 2-V-1870.

31-V-1870 Claret defends in the Hall of First Vatican Council the infallibility of the Pope.

23-VII-1870 Father Founder accompanied by Father Xifré arrives at the mission house of Prades.

26-VII-1870 There is the approval by the Apostolic See of the Formula of Profession, redacted by Father Founder himself, in vigour till 1971.

6-VIII-1870 Persecuted, Father Founder takes refuge in the Cistercian monastery of Fontfroide.

28-VIII-1870 On the feast of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in the mission house of Prades (France), Father Xifré and other 28 CMF made their Religious Profession for the first time.

8-X-1870 Father Founder is sick and professes in the Congregation.

24-X-1870 Father Founder dies a holy death in Fontfroide, France, at 8.45 a. m.

He was a great prolific writer, a mystic, highly devoted to the Holy Eucharist, apostle of the Heart of Mary, very persecuted and exiled.

The Statistics of the Congregation at the death of Father Founder

  • Professed: Priests - 44; Students - 12; Brothers - 30.
  • Novices: Priests -5, Students - 8, Brothers - 3.

Thus the total number of members is 102.

6-XI-1870 The review of Vie “El Domingo” publishes in a supplement a “curriculum vitae” (life profile) of Claret titled “Apuntes biograficos” (biographical notes).

8-V-1871 Begins the foundation of the historic College of Thuir in France.

1871 The first Biography of Claret is published (Author- D. Francisco de Asis Aguilar)

.

1871 Here is the Statistics:

  • Professed: Priests — 44, Students — 12, Brothers — 30.
  • Novices: Priests — 5, Students — 8, Brothers — 3. Total= 102.

 

29-VI-1872 The CMF leave the house of Prades and establish definitively in Thuir. Here will the General Curia remain till 1880.

1872 Probably, it is this year that the Jesuit Brother, Sebastian Galles painted the picture called the Heart of Mary right from Thuir and presented it as a gift to the Congregation. This picture is presently found in the chapel of the General Curia in Rome.

1872 There is the publication in Vic of the definitive Constitutions in Latin: Constitutiones pro Missionariis Congregationis Immaculati Cordis B. V. Mariae, a SS. D. N. Pio Papa IX approbatae sub die 11 Februarii 1870. A volume of 172 pp.

1872 There is the publication in Barcelona of the Constitutions in Spanish: Constituciones para los Misioneros de la Congregaci6n de los Hijos del Immaculado Coraz6n de Maria, aprobadas y confirmadas por N. Smo. Padre el Papa Pio IX el dia 11 de Febrero de 1870. A volume of 156 pp.

24-IX-1875 There is the Royal order authorising the restoration of Religious Congregations in Spain. In virtue of that, the Houses in Spain are re-established: Vic, Gracia, Segovia and La Selva del Campo.

V-1876 The first Postulate (Postulancy) of the Congregation is established in Barbastro.

7-V-1876 Pope Pius IX approves the new scapular of the Heart of Mary.

9-13-VII-1876 The 4th General Chapter in Gracia and Father José Xifré is re-elected as Superior General. Visitadurias(Delegations) are introduced into the Institute.

19-VIII-1876 Foundation of Cordoba, the 1st House of the south of Spain.

1-IX-1877 Foundation in the Capital of the Kingdom, the 1st House of Madrid.

19-VI-1880 The painful foundation of Santiago de Cuba is realised, where 8 Claretians died within 88 days (between 3Oth of June and 26th of September).

26-X-1880 Expulsion from France. The College of Thuir is transferred to Gracia which will be General Curia till 1886.

VII-1881 First General Congregation meets in La Selva del Campo. It is presided over by Father Xifré. 37 Agreements/Resolutions are taken.

6-VIII-1881 Foundation of Las Palmas in Great Canary Islands.

13-XI-1883 The first group of Claretian Missionaries arrive in Fernando Po (Equatorial Guinea). This is the first missionary territory confided to the Congregation. The first Apostolic Prefect was Father Cyriacus Ramirez.

3-VIII-1884 The 1st mission-house of Mexico is established in Toluca.

30-XII-1884 First foundation in Rome (Italy): procure house.

1884 The bulletin of Heart of Mary is founded by non Claretian in Bilbao. In 1889, it shall pass to our Institute and in 1892 it is given the name El Iris de Paz o el Corazon de Maria (Rainbow of Peace or Heart of Mary), and is published in Madrid.

3-VII-1885 One of the great Colleges of the Congregation was founded in Santo Domingo de la Calzada (La Rioja - Spain).

20-XI-1885 The publication begins in Madrid of the “Religious Bulletin of the Congregation” for internal use, which will later on be called “Anales”.

1886 The General Curia is established in Santo Domingo de la Calzada where it has to be till 1906.

1-VII-1887 The second great College of the Congregation is founded in the Ex-University of Cervera (Llerida).

29-XI-1887 The informative process for the beatification of Claret begins.

8-10-VI-1888 The 5th General Chapter is held in Madrid. Father Xifré is re-elected. The Institute has 3 Visitadurias (Delegations): Chile, Fernando P6o and Mexico.

1888 The mission house of Algiers is suppressed.

1-1889 The “Religious Bulletin of the Congregation” changes its name to “Annals of the Congregation” with exclusive and internal character. It shall be called Annales Congregationis as from 1935.

4-I-1891 The process of beatification of Claret begins in Rome.

1892 This is the publication in Madrid of the work of Father Xifré titled The Spirit of the Congregation of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary... A volume of 235 pp.

1892  The publication of El Iris de Paz (The Rainbow of Peace) begins in Madrid.

1893  Father José Xifré Publishes his work on preaching and moderating retreats: El Auxiliar de los Misioneros Hijos del Coraz6n de Maria o sea Regias especulativo-prdcticas para dai- con fruto ejercicios espirituales a toda clase de personas y Planes sobre asuntos predicables para desempeñar con acierto cualquier género de predicaciones. Two volumes.

3-16-IX-1895 There is the 6th General Chapter in Cervera. The Institute is divided into Provinces: Catalonia and Castilla; Fernando P6o is declared Visitaduria dependiente (Dependent Delegation) of the General Government while that of Mexico depended on the Province of Catalufia, and those of Chiie and Brazil depend on Castilla.

27-X-1895 Father Domingo Fabregas, co-founder of the Congregation dies in Solsona (Lérida).

19-XI- 1895 Foundation in S5b Paulo, the lst House of Brazil.

15-28-III-1896 The 7th General Chapter in Santo Domingo de la Calzada. This treats of the limits of the Provinces and the relationship among the Major Superiors themselves.

13-VI-1897 The remains of Claret are transferred from the Cistercian monastery of Fontfroide (France) to the church of Mercy of Vic very dose to the Mother House of the Congregation.

4-II-1898  The Venerable Father Jaime Clotet, co-founder of the Congregation dies a holy death in Gracia (Barcelona).

12-V-1898 The first foundation in Portugal, in Aldeia da Ponte.

1898  The Editorial Ave Maria is created in Sao Paulo (Brazil).

1898  The publication of the review Ave Maria begins in Sào Paulo (Brazil).

1899 Father Xifré writes and bids final farewell to the entire Congregation: “Ultimo despido”.

3-XI-1899 Father José Xifré dies in Cervera. His Generalate lasted from 1858 to 1899. At his death, the Institute has already 60 Houses, 1368 professed, with 2 Provinces and 4 Visitadurias (Delegations).

28-XI-1899 The cause of beatification of Claret is introduced in Rome.

19-27-XII-1899 The 8th General Chapter elects Father Clement Serrat as successor of Father Xifré.

1900 The Congregation accepts the first parish in Andacollo (Chile).

4-XII-1901 The first foundation of the mission house In Buenos Aires marks our presence in Argentina.

18-IX-1902 First foundation in the United States and specifically in the Cathedral of San Antonio of Texas. This is the second parish of the Congregation.

9-III- 1904 Foundation of the mission house of Gibraltar.

24-IV- 18-V-1904 The 9th General Chapter takes place in Selva del Campo. The erection of the 3rd Province in Spain (Betica) is declared. The Visitadurias are constituted into 4 Independent General Vicariates: Chile, Mexico, Argentina-Brazil and Equatorial Guinea.

3-V-1904 The Apostolic Prefecture of Fernando P6o is elevated to Vicariate and the first Vicar is Very Rev. Father Armengol Coll, who receives his Episcopal consecration in Rome on

19-VI-1904. He is the first Bishop of the Congregation after Father Founder.

1904 Father Mariano Aguilar publishes the two volumes of the work titled History of the Congregation of the Missionaries of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Barcelona 1901).

15-X-1905 The central College of Aranda de Duero (Burgos) is inaugurated where the preparation of Pastoral Year is organised on the Congregational level.

6-I-1906 Very Rev. Father Clement Serrat dies in Segovia. His Generalate lasted from 1899 to 1906. He made 19 foundations. The Institute has at this time of his death 79 houses and 1,486 professed members.

5-7-V-1906 There is the 10th General Chapter in Aranda de Duero, during which Father Martin Alsina is elected as successor of Father Serrat.

19-IX-1906 The third Claretian Province in Spain is officially constituted and it is called Bética. The Provincial Government is nominated.

1906  The General Curia is established in Aranda de Duero where it will remain till 1912.

1906  The work of Father Jacint Blanch titled Life of Father Anthony Mary Claret is published in Barcelona. It is a volume of 154 pp.

1907  During the Christmas of this year arrives at Cervera the first German Aspirant, Johann Mallmann.

1907  The review Illustration of the Clergy is founded in Madrid.

1907  Father Mariano Aguilar publishes the work titled Biography of the servant of God Father Jaime Clotet y Fabrés, co-founder of the Congregation of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

1907  Father Mariano Aguilar publishes the work titled Biography of the servant of God Rev. Father Esteban Sala, First Director General of the Congregation of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

 

1907  There is the Spanish publication of the work for the formation of Postulants: Espejo del postulante, o sea directorio para los postulantes del colegio de Vich (Mirror of Postulant). (Even if it is anonymous, one knows that the author is Father Ramon Ribera).

1907  The first Centenary of the birth of Father Founder is celebrated with great joy.

17

6-I-1908 The young German Johann Mailmann begins his novitiate in Cervera

5-III-1908 The foundation of Peñarol, the first mission house in Uruguay is accomplished.

28-IV-1908 The German aspirant, Alex Schwientek, arrives in Cerv era.

30-IV-1908 Other five German-speaking aspirants arrive in Cervera:

Reuter, Heriein, Gòtz and Huhn (Germans), and Bergmann (Austrian).

14-II-1909 The Congregation receives the second mission territory with the Prefecture of Chocò in Colombia. The first Prefect is Father John Gil.

26-VI-1909 Foundation of Lima in the Seminary. This is the first foundation in Peru.

7-X-1909 There is the foundation in Santa Isabel(today-Equatorial Guinea) of the Congregation of the “Auxiliaries of Missions” (today called Missionaries of Mary Immaculate). Founders: Father Armengol Coll and Mother Imelda Makole.

18-XI-1909 Cochabamba is the first foundation in Bolivia.

1910  The revolution in Portugal provoked the expulsion of the Claretian Missionaries from that country.

22-II-1912 Foundation in Trieste which belongs to Austria.

20-IV-1912 Foundation of Hayes/Harlington is the lst in England.

28-IV-31-V-1912 The XI General Chapter in Vic where Father Martin Alsina is re-elected as the Superior General. This Chapter studies the adaptation of the Constitutions to the recent norms of the Apostolic See before the publication of the Code of Canon Law.

20-VI-1912 This is the Pontifical Rescript which introduces Temporal Vows into the Congregation.

9-XII-1912 Foundation of the mission house of Bogota, the capital of Colombia.

19-IX-1913 It is decided to transfer the General Curia from Aranda de Duero to Madrid.

X-1913 The General Curia is established in Madrid where it remains till 1934.

20-XI-1913 The Spanish Mission in Paris (La Misién Española) for emigrants is founded in Rue de la Pompe.

1914 We have the coat of arm and stamp of the Congregation.

21-VI-1915 The quasi Province of Colombia is erected.

30-XI-1915 The Pious Marian Union of Suffrages (la Pia Union Mariana de Sufragios) (PUMS) is created.

22-XII-1915 The General Government creates the Historical Archives of the Congregation.

1915 This is the first time that the Autobiography of Father Claret is published in Spanish (This is the 1st volume of the Historical Archive of the Congregation).

1915 The CMF Anales publishes the “Chronicle of the Congregation” which is left unedited by Father Xifré who began to write it on board of the English ship “Mendoza” on the waters of the Pacific between Panama and Guayaquil on the 13 of January 1893.

1917 Begins in Madrid the publication of the review “Tesoro Sacro Musical” (Sacred Musical Treasure), which disappears in 1984.

26-VI-1918 The Pontifical Decree is published mandating the adaptation/accommodation of the Constitutions of all the Religious Institutes to Canon Law (published in 1917). For this were published the Additions and modifications to the General Dispositions.

1918 There is the foundation of the mission house in Palma Soriano (Cuba).

.27-II-1920 The CMF return to Portugal after the revolution: Foundation in Freineda.

1920 Begins the publication in Rome of the scientific review of Canon Law Commentarium pro Religiosis et Missionariis.

19-III-1921 The Congregation of the Cordimarian Missionaries (Sisters) is founded in Mexico D. F. (Distrito Federal or capital). Founders: Father Juliàn Collell CMF and Mother Carmen Serrano Rugama.

2-III-1922 Very Rev. Father Martin Alsina dies in Zafra (Badajoz). He governed the Congregation from 1906 to 1922, He made 78 foundations and 11 suppressions. There were 1,852 professed members.

15-VIII-15-X-1922 The XII General Chapter is held in Vie. Father Nicholas Garcia is elected Superior General. The Chapter makes a total revision of the Constitutions adapting it to the new Code of the Canon Law. It is decided to erect the following Provinces: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Fernando Poo (Equatorial Guinea), Mexico, Federated States of North America (USA/Canada.)

Father Manuel Vilaro is rehabilitated.

8-III-1923 The following Organisms are elevated to Provinces:

Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Fernando Poo (Equatorial Guinea), Mexico, Federated States of North America (USA/Canada)

5-XII-1923 Foundation of the parish of Saint Casimir (Caracas) in Venezuela (the first in this country).

5-III-1923 The Congregation takes up the Seminary of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

21-XI-l923 There is the foundation of mission house in the capital city of the Republic of Panama.

13-V-1924 Pontifical Approval of the Constitutions adapted to the New Code of Canon Law.

16-VI-1924 Spaichingen is the first mission-house in Germany.

16-VII-1924 His Holiness Pius XI, by the Brief “Inter Religious Families” approved completely and solemnly the Congregation. At the same time he congratulates her for the 75 anniversary of the foundation.

9-IX-1924 Erection of the Quasi Province of Italy.

2-V-1925 Erection of the Quasi Province of Peru.

31-V-1925 Promulgation of our Additional Law (to be called Directory).

15-VII-1925 The first stone is laid for the foundation of the international votive Temple in Parioli (Basilica of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Rome).

25-XI-1925 This is the erection of the Vicariate of Darien. It is handed over to the Congregation in 1926. It is the 3r mission territory entrusted to us. Msgr Juan José Maiztegui is the first Vicar.

11-VIII-1926 The Prelature of San José de Tocantins in Brazil is constituted. This is the 4th Mission that the Congregation reeeives. Its first Prelate is Msgr Francis Ozamis.

1926 The Mexican revolution expels our missionaries from this country.

1926 There is the publication in Weissenhorn (Germany) by Father Andrew Back the first biography of Father Claret in German titled Der Ehrwardige Antonius M. Claret, a volume of 48 pages.

1926 There is the publication in Madrid of the Codex pro Missionariis Con gregationis Filiorum auctoritate vigentis. This is a volume of 359 pp.

7-III-1927 We take up the responsibility of the Seminary of Saint Michael in the Republic of El Salvador.

30-VIII-1927 First foundation in Sao Tomé in Vila Trindade. It is the 5th Mission received by the Congregation.

11-III-1927 The Visitaduria (Delegation) of Panama dependent on USA is constituted.

22-III- 1929 The erection of the Quasi Province of Chocò.

2-XI-1929 The Congregation assumes the responsibility of the Regional Seminary of Honam in Kai-fen (China).

12-XI-1929 This is the promulgation of the Ordo Studiorum Generalis.

1929 There is the publication in Rome of the Ordo Studiorum Generalis Congregationis Missionariorum Filiorum Immaculati Cordis B. Mariae V (abbreviated O.S.G.). A volume of 98 pp.

9-X-1930 The Province of Italy is erected.

1930 Begins in Cervera the publication of the scientific review “Palaestra Latina”.

1931 Father Raymond Ribera Publishes in Madrid a formative manual for novices: El novicio instruido te6rica y practicamente en los deberes del estado religioso segun el espiritu y las pràcticas de la Congregaci6n de Misioneros Hijos del Inmaculado Coraz6n de Maria. A volume of xii+478 pp.

12-V-1932 Miedary is founded (first house in Silesia which is today part of Poland)

30-XI-1932 The Visitaduria (Delegation) of Germany is created.

2-V-1933 Father Joseph Fogued arrives at Tunki and takes possession of the 6th Mission handed over to the Congregation.

14-X-1933 The first Claretian expedition arrives in China and the Visitaduria of China is constituted.

25-II-1934 Pope Pius XI beatifies solemnly Anthony Mary Claret in Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome.

15-III-30-IV-1934 The XIII General Chapter is held in Rome. Father Philip Maroto is elected the Superior General. During the first tenure of office of Father Nicholas Garcia, there were 82 foundations and 30 suppressions; the number of professed reached 2375. The houses of the Institute rose up to 203. Two of the decisions of this General Chapter are to move the General Curia from Madrid to Rome and begin the Claretian International College “Claretianum” Rome which started to function the same year in Via Giulia; 1937-1953 at Albano Laziale; in 1959 - the inauguration of Claretianum in Via Aurelia.

1934 The General Curia is established in Rome (Via Giulia), where it remains til 1953.

1935 The title of the official Claretian organ of communication, which is published in Rome, is given a new name: Annales Congregationis Missionariorum Filiorum Immaculati Cordis Beatae Mariae Virginis.

1935 The editorial Claretian Publication is created in Chicago (USA).

16-VII-1936 The Visitaduria (Delegation) of England is constituted.

18-VII-1936 The Spanish civil war begins. The Congregation passes through the hard trials on fire of the anti-religious persecution of Spain. 272 professed shed their blood because of their fidelity and their Cordimarian/Claretian vocation: 267 in 1936; 3 in 1937; and 2 in 1938. Among these 272 Martyrs, there are 51 of them beatified, 133 have been introduced for the Cause of Beatification, and 88 not yet introduced. Immense materials are lost.

1936 Carolina, first house of Puerto Rico is founded.

22-II-1937 The Apostolic Prefecture of Tunki in China is constituted. The first Prefect is Father Joseph Fogued.

11-VII- 1937 Father Philip Maroto passes away in Rome.

20-XI-7-XII-1937 The XIV General Chapter is held in Albano Laziale which elected the successor of Father Philip Maroto who has died suddenly. Very Rev. Father Nicholas Garcia is elected once more. Father Philip Maroto realised 18 foundations and 8 suppressions.

6-I- 1939 Father Nicholas Garcia publishes a circular letter on the missionary or Claretian Spirituality.

13-XI-1939 The Delegation (Visitaduria) of Portugal is created.

10-XI-1939 Antillas is constituted into an Independent Delegation (Visitaduria).

1941  The Collection of Circular Letters (of Father Generals) is published in Madrid

31-X-1942 Pope Pius XII consecrates the whole world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

4-XI-1943 Cardinal Vincent La Puma (Italian), protector of the Congregation dies in Rome.

1943 There is the reorganisation of the Cordimarian Filiation which will later on be a Secular Institute.

4-V-1944 The Congregation of Rites fixes the feast of the Heart of Mary as a Memory for the Universal Church (an obligatory feast for the CMF) on the 22nd August.

1944 Father Narciso Garcia Garcés founds the Spanish Mariological Society, which he is named the president of the same.

1944 Father Arthur Tabera begins by his initiative in Madrid the publication of the Review of Religious Life.

1945 It is published for the first time in English in Compton the Autobiography of Blessed Anthony Mary Claret, Priest, Missionary, Archbishop and Founder of the Congregation of Missionaries Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. (A volume of 257 pp.)

1946 Father Cristobal Fernandez publishes in Madrid the work titled Blessed Father Anthony Mary Claret. Documented History of his life and enterprises. Two volumes of 1065 and 930 pp.

9-1-1947 The house of Santa Barbara, in Pangacinan is founded (first house in the Philippines).

16-VII-1947 Father Nicholas Garcia publishes a circular letter on Religious, Missionary and Claretian Formation.

30-IV-21-V-1949 The XV General Chapter takes place in Castel Gandolfo where Father Peter Schweiger was elected the Superior General. In the second tenure of office of Father Nicholas Garcia, there were 51 foundations and 17 suppressions.

14-VI-1949 The German Visitaduria (Delegation) is erected to a Quasi Province.

16-VII-1949 With ineffable joy, the Congregation celebrates her First Centenary. There were 241 Houses and 2,23 8 professed members.

On this date Pope Pius XII sends to Father General and the entire Congregation an apostolic Letter “Auspicato sane” (Good Wishes) in which he blesses the Congregation.

16-VIII-1949 The Claretian Secretariat is created

29-VIII- 1949 The French-Belgium Visitaduria (Delegation) is constituted.

12-1-1950 This day is the official approval of the two miracles presented to the Congregation of Rites for the canonisation of Father Founder. These were the cures of Claretian Sister Josephine Marin resident in Cuba and that of Madam Helen Fiomes of Cordoba (Spain).

24-II-1950 Father Nicholas Garcia dies in Rome.

IV – 1950. The first number of review Herz-Maria-Bote appears in Germany.

7-V-1950 Pope Pius XII canonizes with great solemnity Father Founder in the Basilica of Saint Peter in Rome. The Bull of canonization begins with these words: “Quos Spiritus Sanctus”.

26-V- 1950 Pius XII gives a special Audience to the members of the General Government congratulating the entire Congregation for the canonisation of Father Founder.

31-V-1950 The Quasi Province of Portugal is created.

12-VII-1950 The Province of Cantabria is created and carved out from Castilla.

25

28-VIII-1950 The Independent Delegation (Visitaduria) of Venezuela is erected and carved out from Colombia.

11-XI-1950 Father Arcadio Lamraona is nominated as the Secretary of the Sacred Congregation of Religious.

1950 Father Peter Schweiger publishes a circular letter on the Sacred Heritage of the Congregation.

1950 The work of Father Thomas Louis Pujadas titled Saint Anthony Mary Claret, apostle of our time is published in Madrid.

1950 There begins in Germany the publication of the review Echo, which will unite with Herz fiir Alle (Heart for all), and shall have the name of Echo mit Herz fiirAlle (Echo with Heart for all).

1950 The Congregation loses the mission of China because of the communist revolution.

14-I-1951 Zamboanga (Philippines) is founded and is given to the Congregation as Mission-Territory.

28-V-1951 The Congregation of the Missionaries of Claretian Institution (Sisters) is founded in Vic Founder: Father Lluis Pujol i Tordera and Mother Mary Dolores Solà i Carol.

1-VI-1951 The first stone laid for the foundation of the General Curia (Parioli).

VIII-1951 Vienna is founded in Austria.

29-X- 1951 The first Claretian Missionaries arrive at Japan.

3-XI-1951 The Congregation penetrates in Costa Rica founding in Mercedes de Heredia.

1951 The first groups of English, French and Polish postulants join the Congregation.

1951 By the desire and order of Father Schweiger, the Autobiography of Father Claret in Spanish is published for the second time in Madrid. The first edition was published in 1915.

1951 The publication of the review Ephemerides Marioiogicae begins in Madrid.

1951 A group of non-Claretians creates in Spain the Institution “Archbishop Claret” to help the clergy.

2-I-1952 Imaichi is the first claretian house inaugurated in Japan.

11-II-1952 The Independent Visitaduria (Delegation) of Panama is erected.

1-XI-1952 The three last Claretian Missionaries leave China and the Mission of Tunki is abandoned. These Missionaries take refuge in the Philippines.

14-XI-1952 The Prefecture of Choco is divided into two Vicariates; the Vicariate of Quibdo is handed over to the Congregation. The Apostolic Prefect is Msgr Peter Grau.

8-XII-1952 This is the official inauguration of Pontifical Votive Temple dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Rome (later it shall be Basilica).

15-I-1953 The first house of Canada is founded in Victoriaville.

18-III-1953 This is the inauguration of the new General Curia in Rome (Parioli), where it is till today.

17-VIII-1953 The houses of Philippines are constituted into a Visitaduria (Independent Delegation).

22-Vffl-1953 USA is divided in two Major Organisms: The Province of USA West with its Provincial Headquarters in Los Angeles (California), and the Vice Province of USA East with her headquarters in Chicago (Illinois).

1953 This is the official suppression of the Visitaduria (Delegation) of China.

1953 There is the publication in Petrépolis (Brazii) of the work of Father Geraldo Fernandes Life of Saint Anthony Mary Claret. A volume of 136 pp.

1953 A biography of Father Founder is published in French. Author:

Pierre Andrieu-Guitrancourt. Title: Une noble figure de la catholique Espagne. Saint Antoine-Marie Claret (A noble figure of the catholic Spain. Saint Anthony Mary Claret). A volume of 254 pp.

24-IV-1954 The houses of Brazil are divided into Brazil Meridional (South) which is Province and has its headquarters in Sao Paulo, and Central Brazil which is Vice Province with hers in Rio de Janeiro.

17-VII-1954 The statue of Saint Anthony Mary Claret is blessed and installed in the sanctuary of Our Lady of Fatima.

11-X-1954 Japan is created as a Delegation (Visitaduria).

l2-X-1954 Spain is consecrated to the Heart of Mary.

1954 Central America is made an Independent Delegation which comprises of the houses of the   Central American Republic with its headquarters in Panama.

1954 The Procure of the German Province is created to help the missions of the Congregation.

1954 There is the publication of the missionary review “Echo” in Germany.

VIII-1955 The foundation of the first house of Ecuador is in Guayaquil.

14-X-1955 The house of Reuver in Holland is erected. X-1955 “Fundus Credititjus” (Credit Fund) is created. 1955 There is the publication in Montevideo the work of Josefina Lerena Acevedo de Blixen Alto camino. Vida de San Antonjo Maria Claret (High Path, The Life of Saint Anthony Mary Claret). A volume of 252 pp.

1955 There is the publication in Madrid of Epitome del Derecho Adicional de los Misioneros Hijos del Immaculado Coraz6n de Maria. (Epitome of the Additional Law of the Missionaries Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary). A volume of VIII+230 pp.

8-II-1956 United Kingdom-Ireland is constituted into a Quasi Province.

16-V-1956 The Province of Portugal is erected.

7-15-IX-1956 The second General Congregation of the Institute is held in the General Curia in Rome. Various points are been treated about the Institute and finally there are some directives given to the whole Congregation.

X-1956 The 1st Postulate in Japan is inaugurated in Imaichi.

10-XI-1956 The Quasi Province of USA East is constituted into a Province.

10-XII-1956 Bolivia is made a Delegation.

1956  The Editorial Claretiana (Claretian Editorial) is created in Buenos Aires (Argentina).

20-V-1957 The Vice Province of Central Brazil is elevated to a Province.

1-X-1957 The Vice Province of Antillas is formed. On the same date is constituted the Visitaduria (Delegation) of Uruguay.

1957 The Community of Juridicum in Rome is established.

1957 The work of Fanchon Royer is published in New York. Title: Saint Anthony Ciaret, modem Prophet and Healer. A volume of xvii + 302 pp.

19-III-1958 The foundation of the Missionary Sisters of Saint Anthony Mary Claret takes place in Londrina (Paranà, Brasil). Founders: Msgr. Geraldo Fernandes CMF and Mother Leonia Milito.

15-VII-1958 The first Nigerian Claretian, Christian Ihedoro begins his novitiate in Vic.

1-VIII-1958 Foundation in Zurich is realised.

23-V-1959 The Blessed John XXIII grants the Temple of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Rome the title of Minor Basilica.

29-VI-1959 There is the inauguration of the International College “Claretianum” in Rome.

23-X-1959 Msgr Ramòn Masnou, bishop of Vic, hands over to the Congregation the cell (room) of the foundation.

12-XII-1959 Father Arcadio Mary Larraona is made the first Cardinal of the Congregation by Pope John XXIII. He adds Mary to his name.

1959 “Claretianum” (International College, Theology Faculty) begins to function in Rome.

1959 There is the publication of the other edition of Ordo Studiorum Generalis.

1959 There is the publication in BAC (Library of Christian Authors) Madrid the works San Antonio Maria Claret: Escritos autobiograficos y espirituales (Saint Anthony Mary Claret:

Autobiographical and Spiritual Writings). A volume of XVI+961 pp.

13-1-1960 The Delegation (Visitaduria) of Central America is elevated to a Vice Province.

26-III-1960 Pope John XXIII nominates Cardinal Larraona as protector of our Congregation.

21-VI-1960 The following Delegations are elevated to Vice Provinces: France/Belgium, Venezuela and Philippines.

16-VII-1960 Cardinal Larraona takes charge as protector of our Congregation.

23-X-1960 Mexico takes care of the Mission of Tlacoapa.

10-XI-1960 The Claretian Spanish-American Theology House of Salamanca begins to function.

1960 There is the erection of the poliscenic Birth of Christ in the crypt of the Heart of Mary Basilica in Rome. It will be enlarged and will have a permanent character in 1966.

1960-1961 All the manuscripts of Father Founder are technically treated in Grottoferrata (Rome) for better conservation in the General Archives.

23-IV-16-V-1961 The XVI General Chapter takes place in Rome where Father Peter Schweiger is re-elected as Superior General.

30-VI-1961 The Quasi Province of Germany is constituted to a Province.

15-VIII-1961 Cardinal Larraona is nominated Major Penitentiary of the Church.

1961 The first Indian aspirants enter into the Congregation.

1961 Almost all the CMF are expelled from Cuba.

12-II-1962 Cardinal Larraona is nominated the Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites.

22-IV-1962 The Province of Aragon is constituted.

3-VIII-1962 The foundation of Louvaine in Belgium is realised.

6-X-1962 Kingandu in Zaire is founded and entrusted to the German Province.

11-X-1962 Begins Vatican Il Ecumenical Council participated by 13 Claretian Missionaries.

30-X-1962 The first five Indian postulants begin their novitiate in Weissenhorn (Germany).

25-XII-1962 Bolivia is made an Independent Visitaduria (Delegation).

1962  The work Manual del seminamista claretiano (Manual of Claretian Seminarian) is published in Madrid. A volume of 183 pp.

1962 The publication of Claretianum (anuario of a scientific character) starts in Rome. (volume XL - 2000).

1962 The publication of the scientific annual Studia Claretiana begins in Rome. It is suspended in 1966 and the publication takes off again in 1988 (l7th volume in 1999).

10-IV-1963 The cause of beatification of Father Jaime Clotet is presented in Rome.

22-VIII-1963 Claretianum of Rome is aggregated or affiliated to the Pontifical University of Lateran.

12-XI-1963 The Prelature of Isabella/Philippines is created with its first Prelate as Msgr Joseph Mary Querexeta.

1963 There is the foundation of the mission of Ibarreta taken up by Argentina.

1963 The centre, Sallent Films is founded by Brother Alexander Bermùdez. The name is changed to Claret Films in 1968.

1963 The publication of the review U.S. Catholic begins in Chicago.

4-VII-1964 The Novitiate-College of Colmenar Viejo (Madrid) is opened.

10-XII-1964 The Province of Colombia is divided into two Major Organisms: East Colombia with its seat in Bogotà and West Colombia with hers in Medeliin.

1964 Father Cristòbal Fernandez publishes in Madrid the work: El confesor de Isabel Il y sus actividades en Madrid (The confessor of Isabel II and his activities in Madrid). A volume of 5l7pp.

5-II-1965 Cardinal title is given to the Immaculate Heart of Mary Basilica in Rome.

25-III-1965 Cardinal Angel Herrera Oria takes possession of the cardinal title of the Basilica of the Heart of Mary in Rome.

V-1965: The review Herz-Maria-Bote takes the name Herz fur Alle.

9-VIII-1965 The Vicariate of Rio Muni (Equatorial Guinea) is created and carved out from Fernando Poo. Msgr Raphael Mary Nzé CMF is named as its first Apostolic Vicar.

21-IX-1965 The houses of Canada are constituted into a Vice Province.

9-I-1966 Foundation of the Mission of Izabal in Guatemala which is under the jurisdiction of USA East.

1966 Father Xavier Ochoa begins the collection of Canon Law called Universa Bibliotheca Iuris (U.B.I.), continued by Father Domingo Andrés.

l-IX-14-XI- 1967 There is an Extraordinary General Chapter (XVII) that takes place in Rome for “Aggiornamento” or “Updated Renewal” according to the teachings of the Second Vatican Council. It is a Chapter that is predominantly doctrinal; Father Anthony Leghisa is elected at this time as the Superior General.

Father Peter Schweiger in his 18 years of generalate (1949-1967) made 162 foundations and 56 suppressions. In 1967, we have 351 houses and 3607 professed members in the Congregation.

3-XII-1967 The Independent Delegation (Independent Visitaduria) of Austria is erected.

1967 Father Christopher Fernandez publishes the History of the Congregation at the request of Father Nicholas Garcia and as been insisted upon by Father Peter Schweiger. The title is La Con gregaci6n de los Hijos del Inmaculado Coraz6n de Maria. Compendio hist6rico de sus primeros sesenta y tres años de existencia, 1849-1912 (The Congregation of the Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Historical Compendiuin of their first sixty three years of existence, 1849-1912,). There are two volumes of 981 and 825 pp.

1-I-1968 The Decrees of the Extraordinary General Chapter of 1967 come into effect.

7-IV-1968 The new Province of Leon is created and carved out from the Provinces of Castilla and Cantabria.

17-VI-1968 The Inter Provincial Conference of Major Superiors is created: Cono Sur (South Horn) and Central Region in America.

l-VII- 1968 The Mission of Sào Felix of Araguaia, Brazii is aeeepted. It is confided to the Province of Aragon. Its first Prelate is Msgr Peter Casaldaliga CMF.

14-XI-1968 The Inter Provincial Conference of IBERIA, which is made up of Spain and Portugal, is created.

23-X-1968 The Mission of Humahuaca at the north of Argentina is constituted and confided to the Province of Bética.

On the same date is realised the foundation of Tela and Ceiba in Honduras.

1968  The first Institute of Consecrated Life is started in Madrid.

1968  The publication of the informative bulletin NUNC (Nuntii de Universa Nostra Con gregatione,) starts in Rome.

7-IV-1969 The competent Superiors sign in Madrid the agreement of Mission collaboration between Castilla and Central America.

28-IV-1969 Father Arturo Tabera, Archbishop of Pamplona, is nominated Cardinal by Pope Paul VI.

27-V-1969 USA West signs agreement of Mission help with the Prelature of Basilan (Philippines).

8-IX-1969 The Prelature of Humahuaca (Argentina) is created. Father José Maria Màrquez is nominated as the first Prelate.

1969 The Province of Argentina takes another Mission in Pilcaniyeu.

1969 First foundation in Luso (Angola) under the Province of Portugal.

1969 Father Federico Gutiérrez publishes the Spanish work titled Saint Anthony Mary Claret, Apostle of the Canaries. A volume of 585pp.

1969 There is the publication in Kerala (India) of the work of Father George Vanchipurackal titled Kedavilakku (Lamplight - Saint. Anthony M. Claret). A volume of xvi + 272pp.

4-III-1970 The Congregation enters into India, the Postulate/ Novitiate is founded in Kuravilangad, it is confided to Germany.

31-111-1970 Foundation stone for the first house in India is laid at Kuravilangad.

31-V-l970 The first group of Indian novices (to be formed in India) starts under the leadership of Father Dirnberger in Kuravilangad.

23-XI-1970 The Mission of Juanjui in Peru is accepted and confided to the Province of Leon.

1970 The pact of cooperation between Betica and Venezuela begins.

1970 The Mission of Akono in the Cameroons is founded and assigned to Canada.

1970 The Editorial Claret is founded in Barcelona which continues the activity of the more ancient Claret Graphics (Graficas Claret).

1970 Claret Bookshop is created in Barcelona.

1970  The Epistolary of Saint Anthony Many Claret (Epistolario de SanAntonio Maria Claret) is published in Madrid. (Volumes I & II, 1847 & 1598 pp. respectively).

1970 There is the Portuguese publication in Lisbon of the work Santo Ant6nio Maria Claret: Autobiografia (Saint Anthony Mary Claret: Autobiography). A volume of 183 pp.

IX-1970 There is the fusion of the reviews Herz fur Alle and Echo.

20-11-1971 Cardinal Arturo Tabera is nominated Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Divine Worship.

22-IV-1971 This is the constitution in Paipa (Colombia) of CICLA

(Conférencia Inter-Provincial Claretiana de Latin América -The Claretian Inter-Provincial Conference of Latin America) constituted by the interested Major Superiors. The General

Government shall approve it on the 15th of February 1972.

6-VI-1971 The Decree for the erection of the Institute of Theology of Religious Life, Claretianum is given.

20-X-1971 This is the suppression of the International Theologate of Salamanca.

1971 The preparation of the foundation of Nigeria begins.

1-1972 The process of the beatification of Father Mariano Avellana is brought to Rome.

4-IV-1972 Begins the First National Week of Reflection for Religious in Madrid. During this inauguration there is a brief presentation of the Institute of Religious Life of Madrid.

27-IV-1972 The Sacred Congregation of Religious Life approves “ad experimentum” the new Formula of Profession for our Congregation. This will be done definitively on the 20-XII-1973.

1972 The Institute of Theology of Consecrated Life, Claretianum begins in Rome.

1972 There is the creation in Madrid of the Editorial Publicaciones Claretianas (Claretian Publications).

1972 There is the publication in Barcelona of the renewed Constitutions in Spanish: Constituciones de la Congregacion de Misionemos Hijos del Immaculado Corazòn de la Santissima Virgen Maria. Renovadas segun la mente del Caputulo General Especial. A volume of 136 pp.

1972 The review Mision Abierta begins to be published in Madrid in substitution of Ilustraciòn del clero.

IV-1973 The Claretian Seminary of Segovia publishes the work titled: “Huellas de Claret” (Traces or Footpath of Claret), cyclostyled, 236 pages.

2-IV-1973 Permanent Deaconate is introduced into the Congregation.

7-V-1973 His Eminenence Cardinal Arcadio Maria Larraona dies in Rome (Claretianum).

1-IX-24-X-1973 This is the XVIII General Chapter for the revision of the Constitutions and the various documents centered on community life. Father Anthony Leghisa is re-elected.

l7-IX-1973 Cardinal Tabera is nominated Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of Religious and Secular Institutes.

3-X-1973 Religious persecution begins in Equatorial Guinea.

10-X-1973 Msgr Joseph M. Marquez, Prelate of Humahuaea, is nominated titular Bishop of Capo deila Foresta.

20-XI-1973 The General Government approves the foundation of the novitiate-house in Owerri, Nigeria.

21-XI-1973 The Secular Institute Cordimarian Filiation is elevated to an Institute of Pontifical Right.

24-XII-1973 The first group of Nigerians who realise all the formation in Nigeria, begin their novitiate in Awo-omama (in the Spiritan Novitiate compound under the care of Fr. Frank Ambrosi)

1973  The Directory of the Congregation of Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary is published in Barcelona. A volume of 143 pp.

1973 There is the publication in Madrid of the work titled Saint Anthony Mary Claret: Spiritual Anthology. A volume of 374 pp.

2-XII-1974 The Claretian Community of Poland is reorganised in Wroclaw.

28-II-1975 The Editorial Coculsa in Madrid is been sold by Betica Province.

1-IV-1975 The Mission of North of Potosi in Bolivia is taken up and entrusted to the Province of Cantabria, of which the Provincial Chapter of 1974 has accepted.

6-12-IV-1975 CICLA passes from ‘Conference’ to be called ‘Confederation’. It shall receive the approval of the General Government on the 23rd December1976.

28-V-1975 The Vice Province of Peru is reduced to an Independent Delegation.

13-VI-1975 His Eminence Father Arturo Tabera passes away in Rome.

24-VI-1975 France is reduced to an Independent Delegation.

7-VIII-1975 The Mission of Mingara in Gabon begins which is confided to the Italian Province.

15-IX-1975 The contract of cooperation between Betica and Venezuela which started in 1970 is renewed.

15-X-1975 Catalonia and Central Brazil sign a mission agreement.

17-III-1976 The Vice Province of Philippines is reduced to an Independent Delegation.

22-IV-1976 There is the decree of the erection of the dependent Delegation of India under the German Province.

15-XI-3-XII-1976 There is the 3rd General Assembly of the Institute held in San José de Costa-Rica.

1976 There is the publication in Chicago of the work Saint Ant/iony Mary Claret, Autobiography. A volume of 353 pp.

1976 It is published in Osaka (Japan) the work of F. X. Tsutomu Ono Sei Claret no sho gai. A volume of 248 pp.

11-I-1977 The house of Ljubijana in Yugoslavia is erected, which will be inaugurated on the l9th of May this year.

1-II-1977 The first Inter-American Course of Claretian Renewal (CIRCLA - Curso Interamericano de Renovaci6n Claretiana) (CIRCLA-77) takes place in Medellin (Colombia).

14-VI-1977 The community of Cuba made up of Havana, Palma Soriano and Santiago de Cuba under the General Government is created.

18-25-IX-1977 There is the meeting of Team of Pastoral Investigation in Lierna (Italy).

1977 The work of C. Barroeta y M. Aramburu titled Andoni Mari Klaret, maitasungarretan is published in Tolosa (Spain). A volume of 168 pp.

1977 There is the publication in Santiago (Chile) of the work of Father Augustine Cabré Rufatt titled Evangeliser of the two worlds. Anecdotic Life of Saint Anthony Mary Claret. A volume of 173 pp.

1977 There is the publication in Madrid of the Missal and Lectionary proper to the Congregation. A volume of 78 pp.

1977 There is the creation in Los Angeles (U.S.A.) the editorial of videotapes called Claretian Tape Ministry (CTM).

3-IV-1978 Father Anthony Leghisa publishes a circular letter titled The Heart of Mary and the Congregation in the present moment.

4-IV-1978 The Claretian Missionaries pack over to their permanent house in Maryland Nekede, Owerri, Nigeria.

30-TV-1978 Decree of the erection of the House of Umuaium Nekede Owerri under the General Government and the transfer of the Novitiate to the same House.

17-V-1978 There is the creation of the permanent Commission of Justice and Peace.

18-23-1-1979 English-Speaking Claretians (ESCLA) meet in Bangalore for Missionary Encounter and to prepare for the l9th General Chapter.

IV-1979 This is the first International Encounter of the Claretian Associates in Brazil, which gives birth to the Lay Claretian Movement.

24-VIII-6-IX-1979 This is an International Claretian Encounter of Formators and Prefects of apostolate of CICLA in Paipa (Colombia).

3-IX-13-X-1979 The XIX General Chapter takes place in Rome.

The theme of the Chapter is “The Mission of the Claretians Today”. Father Gustavo Alonso is elected as the Superior General. Father Anthony Leghisa realised during his

Generalate 92 foundations and 37 suppressions.

29-IX-1979 Philippines is reconstituted to a Province in Formation.

30-IX-1979 It is during the l9th General Chapter that the Claretian Family Day is celebrated for the first time.

1979 The Claretian Family is officially recognised. It is made up of the CMF-Claretian Missionaries, RMI-Religious of Mary Immaculate (Claretian Missionary Sisters), Cordimarian Filiation, Lay Ciaretians, Missionary Sisters of Mary Immaculate- MMI (Equatorial Guinea), Missionary Congregation of the Heart of Mary (Mexico), Missionary

Sisters of the Claretian Institute MIC (Vic), and Missionary Sisters of Anthony Mary Claret (MSAMC).

1979 The editorial Claretian Publications is created in Bangalore (India)

1979 There is the publication in Barcelona of the work El ap6stol claretiano seglar. Su origen y actualidad en la Iglesia y en el mundo (The Lay Claretian Aposte. Its or gin and actuality in the Church and in the world). A volume of 349 pp.

III-1980 The former Province of Cantabria changes its name to Euskalerria.

23-VI-6-VII-1980 This is the first Encounter in Rome of the Missionary Brothers of the Congregation. Theme - Future Promotion of the Vocation of Brothers.

18-VIII-1980 Father Peter Schweiger, ex-Superior General dies in Spaichingen (Germany).

19-III-1981 There is the Circular Letter of Father Gustavo Alonso on the Brothers titled “The Brothers and the Claretian Mission Today”.

15-IX-31-X-1981 The first Course of Claretian Spirituality for Major Superiors of the Congregation takes place in Rome (Claretianum).

1981 There is the publication in Barcelona of the Catalan work of Father Manuel Vilar i Bassas titled Claret: Recull autobigràfich (Claret: A autobiographical Collection). A volume of 206 pp.

1981 It is published in BAC (Madrid) the Spanish work titled San Antonio Maria Claret: Escritos autobiogrificos (Saint Anthony Mary Claret: Autobiographical Writings). A volume of XXIV+740 pp.

1981 The work of Father O. Wiadysiaw KIuz, OCD, is published in Poznan (Poland). Title: Antonio opwiesc o sw. Antonim Marii Klarecie. A volume of 268 pp.

11-II-1982 The Pontifical Decree of the Approval of the renewed text of the Constitutions is given on this day.

13-II-1982 Father General Gustavo Alonso publishes a circular letter on the occasion of the approval of our renewed Constitutions.

1-30-VI-1982 Renewal Course for Brothers takes place in Rome.

24-VIII-30-IX-1982 There is the Renewal Course in Rome for Formators.

2-X-20-XI-1982 Renewal Course on Apostolate takes place in Rome.

XI-1982 Claretian Institute of Philosophy (CIP) in Owerri (Nigeria) is created.

1982 The Prefecture of Formation and the Claretian Secretariat begin the publication of the collection “Claretians yesterday and today” with the opuscule “Father Pani Vallier, vanguard missionary”. There will be the publication of 13 opuscules.

1982 The annual review ‘La Mision Claretiana” begins to be published under the responsibility of the Secretariat for the Churches in Formation.

8-22-I-1983 General Assembly of the Congregation is celebrated in Los Teques (Venezuela Republic). The fundamental objective is principally to know how to put in practice the objectives and options of the 19th General Chapter 1979 (MCT).

24-V-25-VI-1983 Spirituality Course in Rome for members of Provincial Governments.

21-VI-1983 Decree for the erection of the Residence of Casuarina in the diocese of Darwin (Australia) under the Philippine Province.

3-10-VII-1983 World Congress of Lay Claretians is held in Villa de Leyva (Colombia). Aim - To organise the Lay Claretians on world level.

22-VIII-28-TX-1983 Course for Formators takes place in Rome.

18-X-1983 The General Government creates the Claretian Historical Archives.

X-1983 Father Gustavo Alonso, Superior General, publishes his first “Letter of October”.

13-XI-1983 Centenary of the arrival of the Claretians in Equatorial Guinea celebrated in Malabo.

14-18-XI-1983 This is the 2nd ACLA meeting in Luba, Equatorial Guinea.

1983 The editorial Claretian Publication is created in Quezon City (Phihppines).

1983 The Vatican Editorial Bookshop (Libreria Editrice Vaticana) publishes the work Antonio Maria Claret —L’uomo che sfidò l’impossibile (Anthony Mary Claret The man who challenged the impossible). Authors: Giorgio Papàsogli and Franco Stano CMF, 755 pp.

1983 The Lay Claretian Sourcebook is published. A booklet of 31 pp.

7-V-1984 Erection of the Province of India (which will be later on called Bangalore), while only the house of Karumathur (Tamil Nadu) is under the jurisdiction of Germany.

12-V-1984 Nigeria becomes a Delegation under the General Government.

9-24-X-1984 This is the first World Encounter of the Claretian Family held in Rome (Claretianum). Theme: In-depth understanding of the charismatic gift which the Lord has given us through Saint Anthony Mary Claret; to share the historical experience which each branch of the Claretian Family has had in her way, and to propose in consequence the operative suggestions for the life of family and a better joint evangelising service.

15-XII-1984 Father Jesus Torres is nominated Sub-secretary of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life.

1984 There is the publication in Sao Paulo of the work Claret: A minha vida, (Autobiographical resume of Father Claret). A volume of 375 pp.

II-1985 ASCLA (Asian Claretian Association) is constituted during a meeting of its Major Superiors in Japan. The first team of Government is approved on the 26/2/85.

20-26-V-1985 The 1st Claretian Priestly Spirituality Week in Vic. Theme: Missionary Priesthood in the manner of Claret.

26-II-1985 The first house in South Korea is established in Seoul.

25-VIII-22-IX-1985 There is the XX General Chapter which is very much centered on The Person of the Claretian in the process of Renewal (CPR). This Chapter takes care of adapting the Constitutions according to the New Code of Canon Law. The same Chapter authorises the General Government to present the updated Constitutions to the Apostolic See for definitive approval. Father Gustavo Alonso is re-elected as the Superior General.

26-II-1985 The East Asian Delegation made of Japan and South Korea is constituted.

1985 The work San Antonio Maria Claret: Escritos espirituales is published in Madrid (BAC). A volume of XXI+527 pp.

1985 John M. Lozano publishes in Chicago-Los Angeles-Manila the work: Saint Anthony Mary Claret: Life of service to the Gospel. A volume of xviii+486 pp.

1985 The publication of the review Diàlogo Filos6fico (Philosophical Dialogue) begins in Madrid.

15-V-1986 The Holy See gives the definitive approval of the Constitutions revised and accommodated to the new Code of Canon Law.

24-X-1986 The General Government promulgates the Directory of the Congregation accommodated to the new Code of Canon Law

3-XI-1986 There is the erection of Indo-Sri Lankan Delegation under the German Province.

1986 The Mission of Bamenda (Cameroon) is taken up by USA West in collaboration with Nigeria.

1986 There is the publication in Rome of the renewed Constitutions in Latin according to the new Code of Canon Law: Constitutiones Congregationis Missionarioruin, qui vocantur Filii Immaculati Cordis Beatae Mariae Virginis - Missionarii Claretiani -, a XX Capitulo Generali Congregationis novo Codici Iuris Canonici accommodatae et a Sede Apostolica approbatae. A volume of 170 pp.

1986 This is the publication in Rome of the Constitutions of the Congregation of Missionaries who are called Sons of the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Claretian

Missionaries. Adapted to the new Code of Canon Law by the 2Oth General Chapter of the Congregation and Approved by the Apostolic See. A volume of xiv+111 pp.

1986 This is the publication in Wurzburg of the Constitutions in German. A volume of l06pp

1986 There is the publication in Rome of the renewed Constitutions in Italian accommodated to the new Code of Canon Law:

1986 This is the publication in Paris of the notebooks of vocational propaganda prepared by Fathers Jesùs Bermejo and Oswair Chiozini:

-   La force de l’Evangile. SaintAntoine-Marie Claret et la Famille Clarétaine.

-   La fuerza del Evangelio. San Antonio Maria Claret y la Familia Claretiana.

-   The Strength of the Gospel. Saint Anthony Mary Claret and the Claretian Family. 32 pp.

IV- 1987 The General Government sends out Questionnaires to all Claretians in order that each member give his cordimarian experienee. The result of this will be taken up by the Week of Cordimarian Spirituality in Vic.

20-IV-1987 The Pontifical Council for the Laity approves the “Lay Claretian Movement” as an international association of the Faithful of private right.

4-16-V-1987 The 1st Encounter on CMF Spirituality in Latin America is organised by CICLA. This takes place in Sao Paulo.

12-X-1987 The General Government creates the Aid Fund for financial independence of Major Organisms of the Congregation.

23-X-l987 Father Mariano Avellana is declared Venerable.

24-X-1987 The CMF Directory is approved by the General Government.

1987 The Interprovincial Conference CEC (Claretians of Central Europe) is created. Is made up of France, Germany, Italy, Poland and United Kingdom-Ireland.

1987 The General Government presents to the Congregation this year the result of the questionnaires on the personal cordimarian experiences.

1987 The U.S. Bookshop is created in Chicago.

1987  The Epistolary of Saint Anthony Mary Claret is published in Madrid. Volume III, 926 pp.

1987 There is the publication in Wroclaw of the work Sw. Antoni Maria Klaret: Autobiografia. A volume of 732 pp.

1987 There is the publication in Wroclaw of the Constitutions in

Polish: A volume of 114 pp.

1987 This is the publication in Rome of the Directory of the Congregation of Missionaries Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Claretian Missionaries. A volume of xii+236 pp.

21-III-1988 The General Government approves the by-laws of the Aid Fund.

1-7-V-1988 2nd Claretian Priestly Week in Vic. Theme -The Ministry of Ecclesial Communion according to Anthony Mary Claret.

26-V-1988 Father José Saraiva, archbishop, is nominated Secretary of the Congregation for Catholic Education.

VI-VII-1988 Week of Cordimarian Spirituality of the Claretian Missionaries takes place in Vic.

1-9-IX-1988 This is the 2nd Encounter of the Claretian Family. Theme:      Mary in the Claretian Vocation Spirituality and Mission of the Laity in the Church.

5-10-X-1988 For the first time, the Claretian Editors take part in the Book-Fair in Frankfurt.

6-XII-1988 A mosaic of Father Founder is installed on the right hand side in Saint Peter’s Basilica, by the side of the altar of Saints Processus and Martinianus in the area where Vatican I Council was held.

1988 The Inter-provincial Conference of Africa (ACLA-Association of Claretians of Africa) is created. This is made up of the Provinees of Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria and various missions in Cameroon, Gabon, Sào Tomé and Zaire.

1988 The publications of the Editorial EDIURCL begin in Rome (Iuridicum).

1988 There is the publication in Madrid of the Constitutions in Spanish according to the new Code of Canon Law: A volume of 171 pp.

13-V-1989 The heroic virtues of Father Jaime Clotet are declared and thus he receives the title of “Venerable”.

25-X-1989 Father Raphael Serra is nominated postulator of the Congregation.

1989 An Encounter on Claretian Mission Today takes place in Vic. Theme - Servants of the Prophetic Word in an unjust and violent world.

1989 The Editorial Claretian Publications of Madrid publishes the work San Antonio Maria Claret: Escritos Marianos. A volume of 469 pp.

1989 This is the publication of the Constitutions in Basque and Spanish: A volume of 173+ 175 pp.

1989 Claretian Publications of Quezon City (Phihppines) publishes the book titled A Son of the Immaculate Heart of Mary is... 72 Experiences of our Marian Spirituality. A volume of 157 pp.

1989 There is the publication of the 1st volume of the Commentary to the Constitutions in Spanish: Nuestro proyecto de vida misionera. Coinentario a las Constituciones. I. - Aspectos fundamentales. A volume of 519 pp.

15-III-1990 First house in Suai, East Timor, under the Philippine Province.

27-111-1990 Nigeria is erected to a Province in Formation.

17-VI-1990 Foundation is made in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, by the Polish Province.

9-14-VII-1990 3rd Claretian Priestly Week in Vic. Theme -Servants of the Word.

25-XII-1990 Father Gustavo Alonso publishes a circular letter on Claretians in Formation.

31-XII-1990 Some important Statistics: There are 1917 Priests, 3 Permanent Deacons, 297 Brothers, 623 Students and 108 Novices. The totai number of Claretians is 2995 who are in 48 different nations.

There is a good number of vocations in India, Nigeria and Poland this year.

1990 The Inter-provincial Conference, NACLA (Claretians of the North Atlantic) is ereated and made up of United States and Canada. NACLA substitutes the former ESCLA which in the past was constituted also by United Kingdom/Ireland, from now belongs to CEC.

1990 The Congregation enters Ragama (Sri Lanka) under the jurisdiction of Germany.

1990 There is the publication in Sao Paulo (Brazil) of the

Constitutions in Portuguese: A volume of 181 pp.

1990 There is the publication in Lisbon of the Constitutions in Portuguese: A volume of 175 pp.

1990 Father Gabriel Campo Viliegas publishes in Madrid the work Esta es nuestra sangre (historia de los mirtires claretianos de Barbastro) (This is our blood - history of the Claretian Martyrs of Barbastro). A volume of 380 pp.

19-1-1991 The Claretians arrive in Mombasa, Kenya the first mission of the Nigerian Province.

12-V-1991 This is the inauguration of the Claretian Museum in Vic.

26-VIII-22-IIX-1991 The XXI General Chapter is held in Rome with the theme “The Servants of the Word” (SW). Here, Father Aquilino Bocos is elected Superior General.

1991 Foundation is made in Priwaika (Bielorrusia) by the Independent Delegation of Poland.

1991 The Commission of Justice and Peace is created in our Congregation.

1991 There is the publication in Rome of the Autobiography of Father Founder translated into Italian: S. Antonio Maria Claret: Autobiografia. A volume of 278 pp.

1991  The work Saint Anthony Mary Ciaret: Selected Spiritual Writings is published by Claretian Publication, Quezon City (Philippines). A volume of xx+618 pp.

1991 There is the publication in Paris of the Constitutions in French: A volume of 151 pp.

1991 The 2nd volume of the Commentary to the Constitutions in

Spanish is Published in Madrid, Title: Nuestro proyecto de vida misionera. Comentario a las Constituciones. II: Constitucj6n Fundamental y La vida misionera de la Congregaci6n.

7-13-V-1992 This is the second Meeting of CMF Editors in Chicago.

31-V-1992 Father General Aquilino Bocos publishes the circular letter “Missionary Testament of our Martyrs”.

16-IX-1992 Creation of the Independent Delegation of Chennai (India) and the Mission of Sri Lanka is under the jurisdiction of the German Province.

4-21-X-1992 There is the Encounter of the Major Superiors in Rome in order to revise the Plan of Action of the General Government after the XXI General Chapter celebrated last year.

25-X-1992 This is the Beatification in Rome (Saint Peter’s Square) of the 51 Claretian Martyrs of Barbastro.

Xl-XII-1992 There is the publication in Rome of the special edition of the NUNC dedicated to the Beatification of the 51 Claretian Missionary Martyrs of Barbastro. A coloured pamphlet of 16 pp.

7-15-XII-1992 The 3rd Encounter of the Claretian Family takes place in Lajas de Yoroa (Dominican Republic). Theme: Our Presence and Evangelising Mission of the Claretian Family in America.

1992 The Province of Catalonia opens a new mission in Sao Miguel de Guaporé (Brazil).

1992 The publication of the review Palabra (Word) starts in Varsovia (Poland).

1992 A Cuban priest, Reynerio Lebroc Martfnez publìshes the work San Antonio Maria Claret Arzobispo Misionero de Cuba (SaintAnthony Mary ClaretMissionaryArchbishop of Cuba).

A volume of 602 pp.

1992  The Passive Epistolary of Saint Anthony Mary Claret, vol. I (1838-185 7) in Spanish is published in Madrid. A volume of XXVIII+902 pp.

1992 The 1st volume of the Commentary to the Constitutions in English is published in Quezon City (Philippines). Title: Our Project of Missionary Life. Commentary on the Constitutions. A volume of xx+534 pp.

1992 There is the German publication in Wien/Klagenfurt (Austria) of the work of Father Josef G. Cascales Der Heilige Antonius Maria Claret. Ein Mensch ringt um seine prophetische Sendung. A volume of 237 pp.

1992 There is the publication in Madrid by Father Vincent Sanz of a Spanish work titled Huellas de Claret (Traces of Claret). A volume of 167 pp. (other edition in 1997)

4-11-VII-1993 The 4th Claretian Priestly Week takes place in Vie. Theme - The Ministry of the Eucharist and the CMF Spirituality.

13-VIII-1993 This is the inauguration of the House-Museum dedicated to the Blessed Martyrs of Barbastro.

5-IX-1993 There is definitive foundation in Krasnoyarsk, Siberia as one of the general houses.

24-X-1993 Begins the “Word-Mission Project” which consists of the following biblical themes: Pentateuch, Prophets, Synoptics, John, Paul, Books of Wisdom.

5-X1I-1993 The Province in Formation of Poland is created.

9-XI-1993 This is the erection of the Province on Formation of Madras (formerly Independent Delegation of India) which from 8-111-1997 will be called Chennai.

16-XI-1993 Claretian Cultural Fund is created.

11-XII-1993 There is the inauguration of the monument to the Claretian Martyrs of Barbastro in the Basilica of the Immaculate Heart of Mary in Rome.

23-XII- 1993 Mother Maria Antonia Paris, Foundress of the Religious of Mary Immaculate (Claretian Missionary Sisters) is declared Venerable.

1993 The Province of Nigeria assumed the full responsibility of Bamenda Mission.

1993 The Claretian Missionaries of Portugal return to Angola and found a house in Luanda.

1993 There is the publication in Madrid of the work (in Spanish) of Father Jesus Alvarez titied Misioneios Claretianos. Volumen I. Retorno a los Origenes (Claretian Missionaries. Volume 1: Return to the Origins). A volume of 428 pp.

1993 There is the creation in Krasnoyarsk (Siberia-Russia) of the editorial Claretianum.

1993 There is the publication of the review YO! (Youth Options) in Quezon City (Philippines).

1993 The publication of the review Zycie Konsekrowane (Consecrated Life) begins in Warsaw (Poland).

1993 Begins in Lisboa the publication of the review Onda Claretiana.

21-V-1994 There is the Decree for the erection of the House in Taipei (Taiwan).

16-VII-1994 Decree of promulgation of the General Plan of Formation (GPF) which is published this year.

7-IX-1994 The Claretian Missionaries from Madras Province (Chennai) landed in Tanzania on this day and take up the Mission of Musoma on the 11/9/1994.

7-IX-1994 Decree of erection of the houses of Zieiwa (Poland) and Abidjan and Bouaflé (Ivory Coast). These houses belong to the Polish Province.

15-IX-1994 Fr General Aquilino Bocos publishes his circular letter titled “Towards a Renewed Missionary Commitment”, A volume of 76 pages.

13-X-1994 Decree of the erection of Shanzu in Mombasa (Kenya) under Nigerian Province.

18-XI-1994 This is the Decree of modification of the Central American Province: the Claretian organisms of Central America are integrated into a single Province which include

the whole territory of the six Central American Nations: the Mission of Izabal in Guatemala belonging to US East, Honduras belonging to the Province of Castilla; el Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama.

27-XI-1994 Today is the end of the restoration of Father Claret’s monument in Sallent, with solemn inauguration.

1994 The CMF arrive in Prague (Czeeh Republie).

1994  The lOth edition of Necrologium Claretianum (Claretian Necrology) is published, where it is indicated 3441, deceased Claretians.

1994  The Passive Epistolary of Saint Anthony M. Claret, vol. II (1858-1864) in Spanish is published in Madrid. A volume of V11I+821 pp.

1994 There is the publication in Quezon City, Philippines the work of Father Jesus Alvarez titled Claretian Missionaries. Volume I. Return to the Origins. A volume of xxviii+424 pp.

1994 There is the French publication in Vietoriavilie (Canada) of the Autobiography of Father Founder: Saint’ Antoine-Marie Claret: Autobiographie. A volume of X + 332 pp.

1994 Here are the Statistics of the Congregation: Conferences

(Regional) - 6 (ACLA, ASCLA, CEC, CICLA, IBERIA,

NACLA); Houses - 336, Bishops - 18, Priests - 2001,

Permanent Deacons - 2, Brothers - 277, Students - 492,

Novices - 104. The sum total of the Claretian Missionaries is 2894.

2-II-1995 Father General Aquilino Bocos publishes a circular letter on the Definitive Approval of the Constitutions.

20-IV-1995 The General Government constitutes the Confederation of Claretian Missions of French-Speaking Africa made up of the mission of Cameroun (Province of Canada), Gabon (Province of Italy) and Zaire or today called Democratic Republic of Congo (Province of Germany).

2-16-V-1995 First Claretian Missionary Encounter of East Africa takes place in Nairobi.

20-VII-1995 Foundation in Libreville (Gabon) under the care of the Province of Equatorial Guinea (Decree 15-VI-1996).

28-IX-1995 The Decree forth establishment of the General Procure for the Claretian Missions is given.

30-IX-29-X-1995 There is in Rome the CMF Renewal Encounter for Provincial Secretaries.

X-1995 Synod of Bishops on Consecrated Life is held in Rome. Some Claretians participate.

24-X-1995 Father General and all the Claretian Communities of France celebrate solemnly in the church of the monastery of Fontfroide the 125th death Anniversary of Saint Anthony

Mary Claret.

26-X-1995 The Province of Bangalore founds the community of Jinja (Uganda) and takes up the parish on the 29/10/1995.

1995 The missions of Panama and Honduras, dependent on the Province of Castilla are integrated into the Province of Central America.

1995 The Province of Madras founds the house of Morogoro (Tanzania).

1995 Rebirth of the Claretian mission of Lubango in Angola.

1995 The International novitiate is established in Akono (Camroon) under the direction of the CMF Confederation of Missions of French-speaking African countries.

1995 The First Claretian Renewal Encounter in English takes place in Rome.

1995 This is the Third Meeting of CMF Editors in Barcelona.

1995 The missionary activity of the Congregation is extended to Russia, starting in Saint Petersburg with some members of Castilla Province.

1995 There is the publication in Los Angeles of the work: Selected Letters from the Correspondence of Saint Anthony Mary Claret. Volume I: Letters of 1832-1857. A volume of 409+111.

1995 There is the Spanish publication in Madrid of the Passive Epistolary of Saint Anthony Mary Claret. Volume III (1865-1870). A volume of VIII+738 pp.

1-I-1996 The Apostolic See elevates the liturgical celebration of the Heart of Mary to an obligatory memory.

6-I-1996 There is the creation of the Syro-Malabar Delegation dependent on the Province of Bangalore.

15-IV-1996 The General Government approves the School for Formators, “Heart of Mary”.

2-V-1996 This is the Decree for the creation of the Residences of Guantanamo and Santiago de Cuba.

15-VI-1996 This is the Decree for the establishment of the house of Libreville in Gabon, entrusted to the Province of Equatorial Guinea.

6-VII-1996 It is the Decree for the creation of the houses of Kupang and Fohoren, and the creation of the residence of Bobonaro (Indonesia) under the jurisdiction of Philippine Province.

15-VIII-1996 Decree for enrolling the Community of Cuba into the Province of Antillas.

1-X-1996 There is the Decree for Juridical Erection of the Community of Prague (Czech Republic) with General House status.

15-X-15-XII-1996 The first CMF Renewal Encounter in English for young priests (quinquennium) takes place in Vic-­Barbastro-Rome.

26-30-X-1996 The 4th Encounter of the Claretian Family takes place in Cuxae d’Aude (Narbonne) with the theme: Sharing Common Experiences in Evangelization, Vocational Promotion and Formation.

30-X-1996 To conclude the 4th Encounter of the Claretian Family, the re is a great feast of the 125th Anniversary of the death of Father Founder in Fontfroide with a solemn concelebrated Mass in the Church of the monastery presided over by Father General Aquilino Bocos.

1996 There is the publication in BAC (Madrid) of the work: San Antonio Marta Claret: Cartas selectas. (Saint Anthony Mary Claret: Selected Letters).

6-I-16-III-1997 This is the first course in Spanish of the “Heart of Mary School” for Formators (Vie-Barbastro-Rome).

1-II-1997 Father General Aquilino Bocos publishes a circular letter on the Missionary Brothers.

8-III-1997 The Decree is given for the Province of Madras to change its name to Chennai.

7-V-1997 The Decree is given making the two CMF Communities in Vienna (Austria) (Haus “Claret Bennogasse and Claretiner.­Missionshaus” Hirschstettnerstr.) one Community.

14-VI-1997 Institute for Consecrated Life in Asia (ICLA) is officially inaugurated in Manila (Philippines).

l3-VI-1997 This is the centenary commemoration of the transfer of the remains/relics of Father Claret from Fontfroide to Vic.

7-VIII-1997 This is the erection of the house in Lubango (Angola), a mission that belongs to the Province of Portugal.

19-VIII- 1997 This is the Decree of the foundation of Damongo, in Ghana, a Mission entrusted to the Nigerian Province.

20-VIII-1997 The Residence of Tuzina (Slovakia) is created and entrusted to the Polish Province.

On this same date, there is the Decree for the creation of the Mission of Siberia, Russia, formed by the houses of Atsehinsk and Bogotol under the General Government.

23-VIII-1997 The first Claretian Missionaries from Nigeria arrive in Damongo (Ghana).

26-VIII-23-IX-1997 The XXII General Chapter is held in Rome with the theme “In Prophetic Mission” (IPM). Father Aquilino Bocos Merino is re-elected as Superior General. The Statistics of the Congregation during this time is: 18 Bishops, 1981 Priests, 2 Permanent Deacons, 271 Brothers, 488 Students and 271 Novices. Sum total - 2894.

25-IX-1997 This is the Decree for erection of the house of Ndop/ Babanki Tungo (Bamenda-Cameroon) under the Province of Nigeria. The two places form the Mission of Bamenda.

4-X-1997 Promulgation of the Chapter Document “In Prophetic Mission” (IPM) and other resolutions of the XXII General Chapter.

19-X-1997 The monument of Father Claret is installed in the cathedral of Vic during the 100th Anniversary of the transfer of his remains/relics from Fontfroide to Vic.

20-XI-1997 Father General, Aquilino Bocos, accompanied by some other Claretians presents the framed picture of Father Claret to the Spanish Episcopal Conference in Madrid.

8-XII-1997 The statue of Claret is installed on the facade of the Sacred Family Temple in Barcelona.

1997  There is the Spanish publication in BAC (Madrid) of the work: San Antonio Marta Claret: Escritos Pastorales. (Saint Anthony Mary Claret: Pastoral Writings). A volume of

XXXVIII+686 pp.

1997  The work by Father Jesus Alvarez is published in Madrid titled Misioneros Claretianos. Volumen Il: Transmisi6n y recepci6n del carisma Claretiano (Claretian Missionaries. Volume II.~ Transmission and reception of Claretian charism). A volume of 713 pp.

1997  There is the Spanish publication in Madrid of the 3rd volume of the Commentary on the Constitutions: Nuestro proyecto de vida misionera. Comentario a las Constituciones. III.~ Las Personas de la Congregaciòn, el Gobierno de la Congregación y F6rmula de la Profesi6n. Authors: Frs. José Maria Viñas Colomer, Jesùs Maria Paiacios Alcàntara, Gonzalo Ferimndez Sanz and Gustavo Alonso Taborda. A volume of 851 pp.

1997 There is the publication in Nagoya (Japan) of the work Sei Antonio Maria Kuraretto Jijoden. A volume of 591 pp.

1997 Father Manuel Jiménez Sànchez publishes in Loja (Granada) the Spanish work titled The Congregation of Missionaries Sons of the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary -Claretian Missionaries. Two volumes of 402 & 408 pp.

12-I-1998 Decree for Erection of the residence of Guàimaro (Diocese of Camaguey) in Cuba is given.

4-II-1998 This is the celebration of the centenary of the death of Father Jaime Clotet in the entire Congregation.

30-V-1998 Msgr José Saraiva Martins is nominated by the Holy Father John Paul 11 as the Prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints.

5-VI-1998 This is the Decree for the creation of Saint Petersburg (Russia) as a residence under the jurisdiction of the Castilla Province.

22-VIII-1998 Father Aquilino Bocos publishes in view of the Claretian Jubilee a circular letter titled Heritage and Prophecy.

11-25-X-1998 Encounter of Major Superiors in Bangalore (India) in order to have a follow-up of the XXII General Chapter.

22-X-1998 In Bangalore, the General Government discusses with the Major Superiors of CICLA and decides the foundation in Haiti.

24-X-1998 There is the solemn opening of the Celebration of the 150th Anniversary of the Congregation in Bangaiore.

11-XII-1998 It is the Decree of enrolling the Communities of Prague and Slovenia into the German Province.

18-XII-1998 There is the Decree of the juridical change of Central America from a Province in Formation to a Formed Province.

18-XII-1998 The decree of Juridical change from Provinces to Independent Delegations: Antillas, Central Brazil, Canada, Equatorial Guinea, United Kingdom-Ireland and Venezuela.

21-XII-1998 The Congregation for Divine Worship approves all the liturgical books of our Congregation: Missal, Lectionary, Liturgy of the Hours and Ritual of Profession.

25-XII-1998 Decree of publication of the revised CMF Directory according to the indications of the last General Chapters.

1998 The Constitutions is published in Krasnoyarsk in Russian language: Konstutycii... A volume of 150 pp.

I-1999 Claretian Missionaries arrive in Haiti.

6-11-1999 This is the conclusion of the centenary celebration of the death of Father Jaime Clotet (died 4-11-1898) in the church of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Barcelona.

24-IV-1999 Concession of the permission to erect the house of Santa Victoria (West) in the Prelature of Humahuaca (Argentina).

12-VI-1999 Pope John Paul II addresses his congratulatory message to the entire Congregation on the occasion of her 150th Anniversary of Foundation.

27-VI-1999 The erection of the bronze statue of Father Founder in front of the cathedral of Madrid.

13-VII-1999 The General Government approves the document “Formation in East Africa Program of Collaboration in Formation and Rules”.

The General Government erects the house of Jinja (Uganda) under the jurisdiction of Bangalore Province. The international Novitiate for East Africa is here. There is the erection of the residence in Morogoro (Tanzania) under the jurisdiction of Chennai Province.

16-VII-1999 There is the solemn Celebration of the 150th Anniversary of the Congregation in Vic. The Revised new Directory which has been promulgated takes effect as from

this day. On this same date is the official beginning of the Novitiate in Jinja (Uganda) for the whole of East Africa with Fr Aloysius Chikwendu as the first novice master.

1-8-VIII-1999 After General Canonical Visitations in Africa, the General Government meets with all the Major Superiors and Representatives of Missions in Abidjan (Ivory Coast).

30-VIII-X-1999 There is a period of violence in East Timor during which our communities had great material losses.

7-12-IX-1999 CMF Encounter of representatives from the Major Centers for Higher Ecclesiastical Studies takes place in Colmenar Viejo (Madrid).

29-IX-1999 Members of the General Government have Mass and Audience with Pope John Paul II in Castelgandolfo to mark the 150th anniversary of the foundation of the Congregation.

4-X-1999 The General Government grants permission for the transfer of the Novitiate from East Timor to Kupang, in West Timor (Indonesia).

24-X-1999 A plaque is installed in the honour of Father Founder in one of the chapels of the church in the Monastery of Fontfroide.

1-7-XI-1999 The General Government meets for the first time at the General Curia with six new Major Superiors who have assumed the office newly.

3-XI-1999 This is the celebration of the centenary of the death of Father José Xifré in the entire Congregation.

6-XI-1999 This is the solemn celebration in Vie of the centenary of Father José Xifré’s death.

On this same day is the transfer of the mortal remains of Father Xifré to the crypt of the Claretian Temple in Vic.

29-XI-1999 This is the Decree for erection of the house of Pudbrezova (Slovakia), under the jurisdiction of Poland.

31-XII-1999 The Statistics of the Congregation at this time is as follow: Bishops - 15; Priests - 2005; Permanent Deacons —3; Brothers —260; Students —577; Novices — 145. Total = 3005. We have 437 Houses in 57 countries of the 5 Continents.

1999 This is the publication in Rome of the updated Directory in Spanish: Directorio de los Misioneros Hijos del Inmaculado Corazon de Marta - Misioneros Claretianos. A volume of

383 pp.

1999 It is the publication in Rome of the Directory in Italian: A volume of 202 pp.

1999 There is the Spanish publication in Barcelona of the new edition of the CMF Liturgy of the Hours: Liturgia de las horas CMF (officialiy corrected and approved). 125 pp.

1999 There is the Spanish publication in Barcelona of the Missal and Ritual of Religious Profession: Misal y Ritual de la Profesi6n de los Misioneros Hijos del Immaculado Coraz6n de Maria. A volume of 160 pp.

1999 This is the publication in Barcelona of the work of Father Pere Codinachs i Verdaguer titled Poor and on Foot. Saint Anthony Mary Claret. A volume of xii+ 116 pp.

1999 The Claretians in collaboration with the Chinese Episcopal Conference publish the Chinese Pastoral Bible (30.000 copies).

24-31-I-2000 There is the Workshop in the Philippines with the theme “Prophetic Dimension of the Missionary Service of the Word”.

2-7-II-2000 After the General Canonical Visitations which started during the later part of 1999 in Asia, the General Government meets with all the Major Superiors and Representatives of Missions in Sri Lanka.

15-II-2000 The General Government approves the Spanish text of the Claretian Vocational Directory.

III-VI-2000 The Marian and missionary review IRIS DE PAZ dedicates a special number to the Claretian Jubilee, titled Claretians of 2000. A volume of 136 pp.

14-V-2000 Decree for the foundation of the Residence of Muhlberg an der Elbe in the diocese of Magdeburg (Germany) is given.

26-IV-2-VII-2000 There is the first Course of the “Heart of Mary School” for Formators in English (Vic and Barbastro).

1-V-2000 This is the blessing of the restored monument of Father Claret in Segovia.

3-V-2000 Father Rhoel Gallardo of the Philippine Province is martyred in Basilan island by a group of Islamic terrorists.

7-V-2000 There is the solemn celebration in Rome of the closing of the Claretian Jubilee in the whole Congregation, coinciding with the 5Oth anniversary of the canonisation of Saint Anthony Mary Claret.

10-VII-2000 After General Canonical Visitations in the entire America, the General Government meets with all the Major Superiors and Representatives of Missions in the city of

Mexico.

10-VII-2000 To conclude in America the 150th anniversary of the foundation of the Congregation, there is a solemn Mass presided over by Father General in the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe.

3-IX-15-X-2000 Claretian Renewal Encounter in English takes place in Vic and Rome.

2000 There is the English publication in Rome of the Directory of the Congregation of Missionaries Sons of the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary - Claretian Missionaries. A volume of 400 pp.

2000  The 3rd volume of Our Project of Missionary Life - Commentary on the Constitutions in English is published in Quezon City, Philippines. A volume of 782 pp.

2000 There is the English publication in Bangalore of the work: Claretian Missionaries: Declarations and Decrees of XVII And XVII Claretian General Chapters. A volume of 246+ 134 pp. respectively.

2000 This is the Spanish publication in Rome of the Directorio Vocational Claretiano (Ciaretian Vocational Directory). A volume of 288 pp.

2000 There is the bilingual publication (Spanish-English) in Rome of the Agenda Claretiana - Claretian Agenda, 2000-2001. A volume of 218 pp.

2000 This is the English publication in Quezon City (Philippines) of the work by Father Vincent Sanz titled Traces of Claret.

2000 Here is the statistics of the Claretian Missionaries at the end of this millennium:

  • Houses — 429;
  • Bishops — 15;
  • Priests — 2020;
  • Permanent Deacons — 3;
  • Brothers — 265;
  • Students — 636;
  • Novices — 136.
  • Total number of the members - 3075

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

-    Agenda Claretiana.

-     Alvarez, Jesus, Returns to the Origins.

-    Anales (Annales).

-    Annuario Pontificio.

-     Bermejo, Jesùs, Clarettiani: vox Strumenti di comunicazione: in Dizionario degli Istituti di Perfezione, vol. IX, pp. 430-433.

-    Claret, Saint. Anthony M., Autobiography.

-    Claretian Catalogues.

-    Claretian Necrologies.

-     Jiménez Sanchez, Manuel, La Congregaciòn de los Misioneros Hijos del Inmaculado Coraz6n de Marta-Misioneros Claretianos. Loja, Granada, 1997, tomo I, 402 pp., tomo II,408 pp

-     Memoranda Claretiana (1976).

-    NUNC (Nuntii de Universa Nostra Congregatione).

-    Sanz, Vicente, Huellas de Claret (Madrid 1997).

-    The Strength of the Gospel: Saint Anthony Mary Claret and the Claretian Family.

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